Life on Gliese 581g?

I don’t have time for a post, but man, this is exciting.

Astronomers have discovered an Earth-like planet in the “Goldilocks Zone” of its solar system. Gliese 581g is the sixth planet of the Gliese 581 system discovered to date, and the most promising of them all (others have received media attention for their size/composition, or location, but until now none have been squarely in the middle of the habitable zone).
More info from Science magazine; the paper itself will be in the next Astrophysical Journal.

In my opinion, Steve Vogt is getting carried away, misquoted, or just trying to make a name for himself with that “100% chance” soundbite; I haven’t heard anybody claim that the *only* prerequisite for life is a water-friendly temperature, and (although I’m no xenobiologist) the fact that 581g is a ribbon world doesn’t inspire confidence.

Still, this is the best shot at finding extraterrestrial life we’ve ever had. In the words of a friend-of-a-friend: “This is the coolest f***ing time to be alive.”

[EDIT] The fact that Gliese 581g is tidally locked is probably a good sign, as Vogt explains in the article. This provides more of a range of temperatures, from the blazingly-hot side facing the star to the frozen dark side. In between, there must therefore exist a fairly wide zone of Earthlike “Goldilocks” temperatures. A planet that rotates with respect to its sun has a much narrower range of temperatures, lowering the odds (although there is variation from the poles to the equator, of course!)

By the way, needs to work on their fact-checking. Mercury isn’t tide-locked, as scientists have known for decades [NASA].

Glasses Are Nerdy… Why, Exactly?

This is more of a random thought than a full post, but it’s over 140 characters so I’m posting it here.

Question: Why are eyeglasses strongly associated, culturally, with geeks and intellectuals?
Is there a correlation between myopia and IQ? Why would that be the case, and why haven’t I heard about it?
Does reading cause damage to eyesight? Why would that be the case, and why haven’t I heard about it?
Are nerds just less likely to pick contacts over glasses? Why would that be the case, and… okay, you can see where this is going.

After some reflection, I’ve decided that last theory makes the most sense. Here’s why:
–Glasses look nerdy.
–Non-nerds are more likely to want to avoid looking nerdy.
–Switching to contact lenses takes effort, and involves certain tradeoffs (which is why I’m still bespectacled — I’ve never had much luck convincing my brain that it’s okay to poke things into my eyes. Also, I like the look. Why? Because…)
–Nerds are, conversely, more likely to not mind looking nerdy, and also far less likely to think about their appearance at all.
–Nerds are more likely to wear glasses rather than contacts.
–Glasses look nerdy.

Yeah, we may have a circular-reference issue here. That’s an issue for another day.

Dissociated Press: All The King’s Men

Dissociated Press is a program included with the popular source-code editor Emacs. When run on a text file, it generates hilarious free-associations (see the link for details.)

It’s a wonderful toy, but it’s particularly good on something as rambling as Robert Penn Warren’s prose.


I suppose that Anne, and juicy while Anne was inclined to bone and
muscle under flesh. Lois looked edible, and you knew it!" I
exclaimed, "I ought to have known it! It had to be."
"If you can guarantee results like that," I said, "you ought to have
So the poor bastard had gone to the Other stroked the big leather
couch. The discomfort was due, in part at least, to the fact that the
summer, and the world, would ever end. But that morning when Anne
said that she wasn't accustomed to hear anything in pants talk like
that. Not that she didn't try to persuade me, but I got back, late at
night, and went to bed. The condom on the park path, the twitch in
the old bugger a little extra time before I popped the question to
him. He went out into the hal, Mr. Simms following. While Mr.
Simms locked the door, Cass said to him, for to fool. Well, this time
I'm going to fool somebody. I'm getting out of this race because you
admire his oratory."
"Ain't it?"
He didn't say anything to that.

The Turing Test for Idiots

…and by “idiots”, I mean Omegle users.

If you aren’t familiar with it, Omegle is a website that will randomly pair you up with a stranger for a text-only IM conversation. It doesn’t generally attract the most sophisticated folks, although occasionally it does.

Cleverbot is an online chatterbot, which I was certain could never fool anybody in a Turing Test.

Cleverbot, meet Omegle.
Omegle, meet Cleverbot.

In this experiment, I copied the Stranger’s lines from Omegle into Cleverbot, then input the result back into Omegle. I started the Omegle conversation with “hi!” when the Stranger failed to initiate. Omegle wins whenever Cleverbot freaks out the Stranger enough to cause a disconnect. Cleverbot wins when the conversation reaches a natural ending. I will judge.
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A Plot-Motivated Theory of Time Travel

I’ve recently dreamed up a consistent model of time travel specifically designed to allow for good science fiction.

Up until now, I’ve typically used a branching-timeline model for the sake of simplicity, but it leaves much to desire in the way of plot: each time traveler finds themselves in their own, separate timeline, and there is eventually very little point in killing Hitler because he’s still alive in the original. To remedy that, I now introduce… [drumroll….]

The Ripple Model:
The central idea is an old cliche in lousy science fiction: you change the past, and the change propagates through the timeline until it hits the present. In most cases, it leads to absurdities like Back to the Future (“Oh my gawd, I’m fading! I have only hours of vaguely-defined metatime to make sure my parents meet, thereby leading to my conception, which is apparently not already guaranteed because only I have free will in this movie!”)

However, this approach can be made rigorous. Consider the following:

You leave 2010 and appear instantly (meaning that no subjective time passes) in 1930 in Germany. You shoot Hitler and immediately leave for France, 1940. Twenty seconds later, the world changes around you: the war-torn nation is replaced by a happy pastoral scene, but you are unaffected because your own history (starting from 2010 and including the time travel) is intact. You jump to the present, and find that WWII still happened. Seventy seconds later, the encyclopedia entry in front of you disappears, but you hardly notice, because a tiny fraction of a second after that, the ripple swallows your own remaining history and you disappear. Nearby, an alternative version of you that has never heard of Hitler or WWII carries on.
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Madness? This is CS50!

I’m taking CS50, the famous Harvard comp-sci course, via the Extension school (they call it CSCI E-52. Whatever.)

It’s amazing. The problem sets are entertaining as well as informative, the lectures are informative as well as entertaining, and it’s taught by David Malan, the coolest geek at Harvard [1], and is the best way to meet geek girls.

I can’t confirm the geek-girl part. That’s just what Prof. Malan has repeatedly implied.

Also: unsurprisingly but wonderfully, the CS50 website is beautifully designed.

Anyway, here’s my Problem Set 0, a Doctor-Who-themed puzzle game. Enjoy!

Short Story: Doctor What

The morning it started, I walked into the lab, listening to the happy chaotic melody of fingers dancing across keyboards and power tools grinding away at metal. A hacked Roomba flew towards me at dangerous speeds, swerving at the last moment and crashing into a wall. The little IR sensor on its forehead spun in confusion.

Someone said “Hey, Sam!” to the back of my head.
“Morning, Jackson,” I replied, turning around to greet my stealthy coworker. “Infraroomba needs work.”
Jackson laughed and handed me a cup of coffee. “You need work, you’re twenty minutes late. I had another idea–”

A figure stood before me. Not Jackson. It held its hand outstretched, and its face–
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Short Story: Theoretical

Note: This story borrows the character of Doc Labyrinth from Philip K Dick’s fantastic short stories. For the real thing, check out “The Short Happy Life of the Brown Oxford” or “The Preserving Machine”.

“What is it, Doc?”

Doc Labyrinth furrowed his brow and tapped his desk pensively. “That’s the trouble! I can’t remember.”

Sighing, I pulled out a chair and sat down. My friend was brilliant — no question about it — but more than slightly scatterbrained. I’m still not sure exactly what sort of doctorate he has.

“How do you know there’s a problem if you can’t remember what it is?”

“Well, I know what the problem is, in the general sense. I just don’t have any specifics.” He paused with the momentary hesitation that precedes all of his technical explanations. “You are aware that I have been studying Taoist philosophy?”
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Short Story: Digital Afterlife

Note: This is strongly influenced by Dan Johnson‘s hundred-word stories, in terms of style, length, and subject matter.

I blame the school system.

It all started in high school. Primarily, it was those two fantastic Comp-Sci teachers, but if the school did more to help us socialize outside our age groups we wouldn’t be in this mess.

We were all friends together as frosh, and juniors, and well into our twenties. We were all twenty-six (or seven) when we finally got our hands on a big enough supercomputer, and by my thirtieth birthday we did it: Strong AI. Within a week, Something happened. We don’t know exactly what or when, but the next Wednesday Jason stumbled upon root access, and it became clear that we’d been seamlessly uploaded into a computer simulation.

Yeah, it’s all pretty Wachowski Brothers.

A bit of hacking showed conclusively that we weren’t aging anymore, which I thought an awful pity. I’ve always been curious about life, so why miss out on the latter two-thirds of it? There was some back-and-forth on this matter; some of us wanted eternal youth, but it had to be all or nothing. Nobody wants to be twenty years older than their high-school pals. That exchange led directly to the creation of the Levels. We would age, and die, and be reborn in an identical but separate simulation; and so on ad infinitum. We could look back at lower Levels with the right hack, but not ahead. This also solved the tricky matter of telling seven billion people they were computer programs: They were reborn as infants, with no memories of a prior world. We, however, always reincarnate at sixteen. As this world’s caretakers, we can’t afford to forget.

There was just one problem… a few of our younger friends found out the truth, and told their kids and grandkids. A bit got lost in translation. Within a millennium, we witnessed the emergence of a new religion on Level One Earth, with millions of zealous followers and the most insane metaphysical beliefs you’ve ever heard of.

Dramatic Happenings

So, I got back from camp a few days ago and saw this on the corner of my street:
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